India is the sixth largest economy in the world, poised to become a $5 trillion economy by 2022 and aspiring to be a $10 trillion economy by 2030. Integration of digital technologies and innovation is bringing about disruptive transformation in the country making it a land of immense opportunities. India is among the most advanced countries in terms of development of Artificial Intelligence technologies for the Industrial Internet of Things (IIOT), according to a survey done by Finnish AI-based solutions specialists Zyfra. The survey ranks the US first, followed by China, while India ranks 13th, just after Canada. The ranking is based on a study that examined the number and quality of scientific papers that have been published on various subjects, with 12,135 citable documents.
Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to the ability of a computer-enabled robotic system to process information, analyze it and produce outcomes in a manner similar to the thought process of humans in learning, decision making and solving problems. AI is one of the most significant technologies of our era. With machine learning, we can now build systems that are capable of improving their own performance by learning from data over time. ML systems try to mimic the learning processes of humans—that is, learning at scale from data and achieving levels of performance comparable to humans in processing it and arriving at certain outcomes.
Policy think tank of the Government of India, National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog, founded on 1st January 2015, by the NDA with the aim to achieve Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and to provide crucial knowledge, innovation and entrepreneurial support to the country. They undertook the extensive exercise of measuring the progress of India and its States for the development of the first SDG India Index in 2030.
On 29th May, 2014, the Independent Evaluation Office had submitted an assessment report to PM Modi with the idea of replacing the Planning Commission which used the top-down approach with NITI Aayog which uses the bottom-up approach.
Its initiatives include “15 year road map”, “7-year vision, strategy and action plan”, AMRUT, Digital India, Atal Innovation Mission, Medical Education Reform, agriculture reforms (Model Land Leasing Law, Reforms of the Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee Act, Agricultural Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index for ranking states), Indices Measuring States’ Performance in Health, Education and Water Management, Sub-Group of Chief Ministers on Rationalization of Centrally Sponsored Schemes, Sub-Group of Chief Ministers on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Sub-Group of Chief Ministers on Skill Development, Task Forces on Agriculture and op of Poverty, and Transforming India Lecture Series.
Recently, IIT Hyderabad had introduced AI as a part of their syllabus. The have started offering a B.Tech. Course in Artificial Intelligence that will commence in the year 2019-2020.
Indian Railways now use ab AI-Robot to check if a train needs repair by procuring an automatic track detection machines to understand the conditions of rail tracks. This reduces the chance of human error and improves safety.
In the Defense sector, there has been an immense development. The government has started to incorporate the use of AI to improve the operational preparedness of the armed forces that would help equipping them with unmanned tanks, aerial vehicles and robotic ammunition. DRDO has established a separate lab called Centre for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics (CAIR). NETRA (Network Traffic Analysis) is a software used by the Intelligence Bureau and RAW for analyzing Internet Traffic using predefined filters. Airborne Early warning and Control System (AEWACS) is a project of DRDO for the Indian Air Force.
The Agriculture sector, has been traditionally dependent on rain and climate change and that has made farmers extremely vulnerable to crop loss. AI is trying to help and reduce uncertainty and risk in agriculture operations. Microsoft in collaboration with ICRISAT, developed an AI Sowing App that includes Machine Learning and Power BI. The app sends sowing advisories to participating farmers on the optimal date to sow. Pest Attack prediction is also done using AI.
AI in Healthcare sector is potentially developing. According to a report by the CIS India published earlier this year, AI could help add USD 957 billion to the Indian economy by 2035. State governments are also providing support to AI start-ups.
A list of six healthcare start-ups that are using Artificial Intelligence in India:
Niramai: Uses AI for pain-free breast cancer screening.
MUrgency: Helps people connect in need of medical emergency
Advancells: Provides stem cell therapy
Portea: Offers home visits from doctors, nurses, physiotherapists and technicians for patients.
AddressHealth: Provides primary pediatric healthcare services to school children.
LiveHealth: Collects samples, manages patient records, diagnoses them and generates reports.
Blogged by Isha Gajjar