Dear Indians, while you rejoice being officially a Super Power now, please Dont Forget Balochistan.

The Baloch people are observing the Black Day worldwide to mark the 71st anniversary of the forceful annexation by Pakistan on 27th March 1948.

The first war of independence led by Abdul Karim was fought soon after the occupation. Abdul Karim was the younger brother to the king of Balochistan Ahmed Yar Khan better known as Khan of Kalat. Pakistan’s founder Muhammad Ali Jinnah after having initially secured Kalat’s independence from the British — in the capacity of Khan of Kalat’s legal advisor — then betrayed the Baloch trust in him by sending in the military to bring about Balochistan’s annexation against the will of the people. From August 1947 onwards Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s all attempts to coax in the Khan of Kalat came to nothing. The Upper and Lower Houses of the Baloch Parliament unanimously voted against the idea of merging into Pakistan in December 1947 and January 1948.

After realising the Baloch leadership’s unwillingness to surrender their country, the Pakistanis adopted divide and rule policy before the military invasion. Pakistan not only refused to return back leased areas of Balochistan which should’ve been done soon after the British departed; they also started dealing directly with the vassals of Kalat in Makran, Kharan and Lasbela by offering them the same status as that of Khan of Kalat thus breaking away the 300 years old state old by adopting unethical and illegal methods. The treachery of the feudal lords of the said 3 feudotories was no less than that of Jaichand and Mir Qasim in an Indian context. Balochistan’s current Chief Minister Jam Kamal Khan is a scion of the feudal lords of Lasbela. The traitors are being rewarded till this very day. After dividing the Baloch with the help of the Quislings the Pakistanis moved in the troops forcing the Khan of Kalat to sign the accession document against the wishes of his people. The first war of independence was launched right away in 1948 followed by 4 more insurrections against the occupying force. The current ongoing uprising is in the 19th year; started in July 2000 in sporadic form and further intensified after Nawab Akbar Bugti’s martyrdom on 26th August 2006.

The Baloch nation has come a long way since 1948. This not a tribal movement restricted to the mountains of the Balochistan. The network of the Baloch activists are spread their all over the world. The Black Day will be observed internationally in US, Germany, England, Australia, Canada, India, Australia and South Korea. This time the Baloch have friends from the other oppressed nationalities within Pakistan. Altaf Hussain the leader of the Muhajirs announced on 26th March 2019 that his MQM will be marking the occasion in solidarity with the Baloch. The Pathans connected to Manzoor Pashteen’s PTM are also sympathetic to the Baloch struggle. The Baloch organisations such as Free Balochistan Movement, Baloch National Movement, Baloch Republican Party, BSO Azad et al are all participating in taking their voice to all the capitals of the world. The Baloch leaders and activists Karima Baloch, Bibi Mahdim Baloch, Mehran Marri, Hammal Haider, Bhawal Mengal, Harbiar Marri, Brahumdagh Bugti, Farzana Majeed, Abdul Nawaz Bugti, Hafsa Baloch et al are contributing to the cause globally.

Domestically along with the armed outfits the flame of freedom is kept alive by Khalil Baloch, Mama Qadeer, Seema Baloch, Muhammad Ali Talpur and Hooran Baloch. Even Akhtar Mengal’s BNP calls for Balochistan’s self determination in their manifesto.

Pakistan’s selected Prime Minister Imran Khan said Pakistan’s on the verge of discovering oil reserves in the Arabian Sea. More than 700 kilometres of Pakistan’s coast (out 900 km in total) belongs to Balochistan. Provided if Imran Khan’s claims turn out to be true this can have some serious ramifications for Pakistan’s neighbours especially India and Afghanistan. Regardless of what the bleeding heart liberals in India may say we should stop being humbugged by the oft repeated bumkum ‘stronger Pakistan means stronger India’. A stronger Pakistan both militarily and economically is not in India’s interests. Post Partition Pakistan was economically more viable than India until India liberalized its economy in 1991. In that period we got 3 wars and the Jihadist terror in the Kashmir Valley all initiated by Pakistan. Even in 1971 we waited for Pakistan to fire the first bullet which they did on 3rd December 1971.

Discovery of oil may force the International community to take more interest in the Baloch cause. India is world’s largest democracy and located in Balochistan’s vicinity should step up to play her role for the rights of the Baloch nation. Once New Delhi’s starts speaking up the world will have to listen to the Baloch plight as India’s renowned diplomat G Parthasarthy has said. India should adopt both covert and overt methods to assist the Baloch people to secure the lasting peace and stability in the region.

Blogged by Faisal Hussain

The Baloch: in constant conflict with Pakistan — Part I

We are muslims but it is not necessary…we should lose our freedom and merge with others. If the mere fact that we are Muslims requires us to join Pakistan then Afghanistan and Iran…should also amalgamate with Pakistan (1)… Ghous Bakhsh Bizenjo (1947)

This part tackles the Baloch national question through the lens of the ideology of Pakistan and the first 4 armed conflicts between the Baloch and Pakistan. The current uprising which intensified after Nawab Akbar Bugti’s assasination will be dealt with in the second part.

Pakistan fits in the category of a state without a nation. What makes a nation? There’s no such thing as Pakistani culture, language, music, jewellery, clothes, music, poetry et al. The country lacks all the attributes of a nation. Pakistan’s lack of national identity is best summed up by the words of Nawab Khair Bakhsh Marri; “in reality it’s (Pakistan) not even there” (2). Do the Baloch have sense of history to be the masters of their destiny? This is best answered by Akhtar Mengal’s father and Balochistan’s ex Chief Minister Sardar Ata Ullah Mengal👇👇👇…

Conflicting narratives

Pakistani nationalism rests on anti India hatred — especially for its Hindu majority — and, on the glorification of the Muslim invaders pillaging their way through India over 1000 years. In reference to the Hindu – Muslim divide Pakistan’s founder Muhammad Ali Jinnah on 23rd March 1940 remarked, “very often the hero of one is a foe of the other (3).” Under closer scrutiny this line is more applicable to the Baloch – Pakistan relations than it were to the Hindus and Muslims in India. What do the Baloch think of Pakistani “heroes”? The Baloch and Balochistan book is a must read👇👇👇…

The Baloch nationalist Naseer Dashti (4 VL) — in the opening 8 chapters of the book — records all the resistence the Baloch tribesmen put up against nearly all the marauders the Pakistanis worship as saviours of Islam. From Muhammad Bin Qasim to the Mughals, the Baloch confronted most of them. They actually cherish their forefathers valour against the marauding hordes. In the eyes of the Baloch all Pakistani “heroes” are the enemies. The quote below is from a Baloch friend of this scribe👇👇👇…

The clashes with Persians, Arabs, Turks, Ghaznavids, Ghurids, Afghans, Mughals, British and Pakistanis in the longer run reinforced the sense of belonging to the Baloch nationhood over the Islamist theocracy. This relatively less known history is often glossed over by the Pakistanis and mostly overlooked by the Indians following the Baloch movement.

During the foreign Muslim occupation of India, the country of the Baloch even in the worst of the times enjoyed autonomous status from the powers of days dominating India and Persia. The British control over Balochistan was not direct. Ata Ullah Mengal said “British were so behind the scene the common man couldn’t have noticed their presence”. The Baloch never participated in the Pakistan movement, they admired the Kalat State National Party’s anti colonial struggles instead of the polarization of the Muslim League. Ironically the political Baloch movement predates even the coinage of “Pakistan” (in 1933). Anjuman-i-Ittehad-i-Balochan-wa-Balochistan the first nationalist political party was established in 1930 (5). The early Baloch nationalists were educated in Indian institutions, they were inspired by Congress led anti colonial movement. Anjuman’s successor Kalat State National Party leadership were closely linked to the Indian National Congress not with the Muslim League in 1940s (6). If the world is to defy all the scholarly interpretations of a nation-state and agree to Pakistan’s distorted version of nationalism, the Baloch would still fail to fit in with the idea of Pakistan. The writing is on the wall. Pakistan’s own national narrative is antithesis to everything the Baloch nation stands for. Unlike the artificial entity created in 1947 the Baloch can refer to the 17th century state of Kalat as the historical basis of their claims.

Direct confrontation

Following the British departure Balochistan has remained in a continuous rebellion vis-a-vis Pakistani state. The Baloch rose five times against Pakistani occupiers since the forced annexation of 27th March 1948. The uprisings produced the heroes and martyrs for the cause. The names of Abdul Kareem, Nawab Nouroz Khan (7), Ata Ullah Mengal, Bizenjo, Nawab Marri, Asad Ullah Mengal, Sher Muhammad Marri (8) et al have become synonymous with the fast evolving liberation struggle. In the contemporary times Balach Marri, Ghulam Muhammad Baloch, Saba Dashtyari, Harbiar Marri, Brahumdagh Bugti, Aslam Baloch and Dr Allah Nazar Baloch (aka Dr Nazar) and many others taken over the mantle from the elder generation icons.

Saviours and tormentors

Pakistan’s tallest leaders and military dictators are despised to the core in Balochistan.

Abdul Kareem’s first war of independence in 1948 not only secured his position in the annals of Baloch history but also cemented Jinnah’s reputation as liar, backstabber and occupier (9). The double dealings of Jinnah were highlighted by this writer in Why Balochistan should not be equated with the Princely States (10). Two violent insurgencies (1958 and 1963) were triggered in Ayub Khan’s dictatorship; the legends of Nawab Nouroz Khan and guerilla commander Sher Muhammad Marri were the direct outcomes of the heavy-handedness of Pakistan’s first military dictator. Ayub Khan’s dictatorship also oversaw the founding of the politically motivated Baloch Students Organisation in 1967, best known as BSO, which set the stage for the future (11). Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto fares no better. Bhutto dismissed Balochistan’s elected local government in 1973 resulting in the 4th uprising that lasted 4 years and leaving thousands dead (12). In opposition to Bhutto the Baloch masses identified Nawab Marri and Sardar Ata Ullah Mengal the national heroes upholding the Baloch values. In the 1987 Channel 4 documentary Baluchistan: the gathering storm, the common tribesmen can be seen singing the ballads of the Baloch legends against Pakistani Army. Check in between 14-15 minutes and then at 41 minutes, with the English subtitles👇👇👇…

In the contemporary times Pervez Musharraf and his successors Ashfaq Kayani, Raheel Sharif and Qamar Javed Bajwa are the butchers of Balochistan and that’s exactly how they’re perceived by the people. No nation celebrates its butchers save Pakistanis. From 1948 the successive Pakistani rulers defined the Baloch mational heroes as turncoats and traitors. Ghous Bakhsh Bizenjo is just one example of the many (13). The coward absconder Pervez Musharraf can be seen belittling Nawab Akbar Bugti’s character👇👇👇…

Contrasting memories

None of the national days of Pakistan are celebrated in Balochistan. 27th March (14) is observed as the day of occupation by the Baloch people. Balochistan’s independence date 11th August (15) differs from the 14th August celebrated by the Pakistanis, though Pakistan became independent on 15th August 1947. 6th September is annually observed as Defence Day by Pakistanis in ignorance of the imagined “victory” over India in the war of 1965. The Baloch Martyrs Day falls on 13th November (16) in remembrance of the fallen warriors went down fighting the British in 1839, including the Baloch ruler Mahrab Khan. Most of the Pakistanis are unaware who Mahrab Khan was. 26th August 2006 and 21st November 2007 (17) hold significance for the Baloch in tribute to the valour of Nawab Akbar Bugti and Balach Marri respectively. Both stalwarts gave the supreme sacrifice fighting Pakistan. The importance of 3 dates; 27th March 1948, 26th August 2006 and 21st November 2007 matters more because the adversary is none other than Pakistan itself. The artificial entities can not last forever. Nationhood can never be realised on the utopian ideas. The Baloch had set the ball rolling from 1948. Pathans and Muhajirs have joined the party. Sindhis are lurking in the shadows. Muhammad Ali Jinnah must be turning in his grave.

Blogged by Faisal Hussain.

Twitter Handle : @SAW21107